Some people think worms can be weird looking and a little gross but are also very important to helping your lawn and garden grow, they provide many beneficial factors. It is possible to grow a beautiful lawn and garden without worms, but they certainly do help a lot by making the soil more rich and promoting healthy roots.
The Reason Why We Love Worms
As worms crawl through the dirt they are creating tunnels below the ground which has two benefits. The first is aerating the soil by making tunnels which makes the soil nice and fluffy. This circulates fresh air to all parts of the plant. The second benefit of tunnels is helping roots grow. Instead of trying to push through the soil, tunnels allow a place for the roots to go.
The other reason we love worms is for their poop. Everybody eats and everybody poops, including worms. Worms eat whatever is in the soil and turns it into food for the plants and lawn.They act as natural fertilizers for the soil. The only downfall is the small mess they can leave behind. Sometimes they push out these small mounds of castings above the soil however these mounds are not harmful in any way.
Where To Find Worms
The type of worm you want to introduce to your lawn and garden depends on what you are trying to accomplish. Certain worms eat more organic materials such as grass clippings, food scraps, and other food sources. Some worms eat soil and recycle it into something the plants can use for fuel. If you want to make compost outside the garden and introduce it later then you will need to use worms that eat organic food. If you plan to skip the compost and plan to put worms right in your lawn or garden, then worms that thrive on soil alone is what you are looking for.
How do They Survive?
Worms may be small, have no eyes, legs, or arms, but they can still be picky about where they live. Worms are dormant in the winter when temperatures are freezing. They also dive deep into the soil and curl up in the hot summer months when the soil is too dry for them. Worms are most active in the spring and early summer when soil is moist and it is the perfect temperature out. Even though worms are pretty self sufficient, they do need a little nudge in order to survive. They will not survive is super cold weather, over saturated soil, or any other harsh conditions. They need to have slightly damp soil to move around in and food to eat. Laying down a layer of grass, leaves, mulch, or any other natural materials in your garden will give the worms something to eat and keep the soil moist.
Not all Worms are Created Equal
Some types of worms are not helpful to gardens and actually destroy them. Root-knot nematode worms attack the roots of plants. They will eat at the roots of plants and make knots in the roots which in turn swell up and die off. Roots are the blood lines of plants and If the roots are all tied off, then water and other nutrients cannot be carried through the plant. It will cause the plant growth to be stunted, flowers will wilt, and possibly die all together. Tomato hornworm, corn earworm and imported cabbage worm are all worms that attack vegetable plants. They eat the veggies instead of supplying them nutrients.